If someone is asked to take a biopsy it sends chills down his/her spine, because the word implies that there could be cancer. But the upside is that biopsies often rule out cancers.
What is a biopsy? Why is it necessary?
A biopsy is the removal of tissue to examine it for the disease. Although mostly associated with cancer, biopsies are also used to diagnose other diseases such as infections and inflammatory and autoimmune disorders and their progress. You can also navigate to this website to know more about the biopsy.
A biopsy is the main way doctors can diagnose cancer, in most types, and can tell how much it has spread through the tissue.
If your doctor feels something unusual during a physical examination or analyzing an image scan report ( MRI, CT scan, or Ultra ), he or she may order for a biopsy to be done as soon as possible, in order to detect or rule out cancer.
How a biopsy is performed?
The procedure involves the removal of tissues from the suspected body part(s) and test by a pathologist using a microscope to find out if the cells in the tissue are damaged or have abnormalities.
The tissue sample can be taken from the suspected part of the body – be it an external or an internal part. There may be the need for a small amount of tissue that can be removed using a needle, or it may involve removing an entire lump or nodule through a surgical method.
If the tissue sample is to be taken externally the area of the skin is disinfected and put under local anesthesia before surgically removing the tissue sample.